Most dogs love food, and they’re especially attracted to what they see us eating. While sharing the occasional tidbit with your dog is fine, it’s important to be aware that some foods can be very dangerous to dogs. Take caution to make sure your dog never gets access to the foods below.

  1. blog-dogtoxinsChocolate (theobromine and caffeine)
    • Effects the central nervous system, heart, and respiratory system.
    • Symptoms: excitability, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, increased thirst, nose bleeds, loss of balance, and increased heart rate. Occasionally seizures and abnormal heart rhythms can occur.
  2. Onions, Garlic, Chives (organosulphoxides)
    • Causes oxidative damage to red blood cell membranes, resulting in anemia (low red cell count).
    • Symptoms: depression, dark discoloration to urine, yellow tint to the skin or whites of eyes (jaundice), rapid heart rate, and rapid respiratory rate.
  3. Grapes and Raisins
    • Mechanism of action is not determined, but ingestion can result in acute kidney failure.
    • Symptoms: acute gastrointestinal upset (loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea).
  4. Moldy Foods (fungal toxins)
    • Symptoms: fine muscle tremors to seizures, often preceded by vomiting.
  5. Fermenting Bread Dough
    • Dough expands in the stomach, blocking outflow of material from the stomach or dilation of the stomach. In addition, ethanol is produced in the fermentation process, and is rapidly absorbed, resulting in ethanol toxicosis.
    • Symptoms: gastrointestinal signs (abdominal discomfort, loss of appetite), and/or loss of balance and depression (from the ethanol).
  6. Macademia Nuts
    • Mechanism of action is unknown.
    • Symptoms: rear limb weakness, depression, vomiting, loss of balance, tremors, and increased body temperature. As little as 12 grams of nuts can be toxic to a 10 pound dog.